The legendary Krakatau lies about 60 km from Carita Beach. Today only a small part of the origin volcano remains, but when Krakatau blew itself apart in 1883, in one of the world’s greatest and the most catastrophic eruptions, the effects were recorded far beyond Sunda strait and it achieved instant and lasting infamy.
For centuries Krakatau had been a familiar nautical landmark for much of the world’s maritime traffic which was funneled through the narrow Sunda Strait. The volcano had been dormant since 1680 and was widely regarded as extinct but from may through to early August in 1883 passing ship reported moderate activity, by 26 August Krakatau was raging and explosions become more and more violent. At 10 am on 27 August Krakatau erupted with the biggest bang ever recorded on earth. On the island Rodriguez more than 4600 km to the SW, police chief reported hearing booming of “ heavy guns from eastward’; in Alice Spring, 3500 km to the SE , Resident also reported hearing strange explosions from the NW.
With its cataclysmic explosion, Krakatau sent up a recorded column of ash 80 km high and threw to air nearly 20 cubic km of rock. Ash felt on Singapore 840 km to the North and on ships as far as 600 km away; the darkness covered Sunda Strait from 10 am on 27 until dawn the next day. Giant tsunamis more than 40 meters high swept over the nearby shores of Java and Sumatra; and the sea wave’s passage was recorded far from Krakatau reaching Aden in 12 hrs over a distance ‘ traveled by good steamer in 12 days. Coastal java and Sumatra were devastated; 165 villages were destroyed and more than 40.000 people killed.The following days telegram sent to Singapore from Batavia (160 km east Krakatau) reported odd details such as’ fish dizzy and caught with glee by native’! Three months later the dust thrown into the atmosphere caused such vivid sunsets in USA that fire engines were being called out to quench the apparent fires and for three years it continued to circle the earth, creating strange and spectacular sunset. The astonishing return of life to the devastated island has been the subject of scientific study ever since. Not a simple palnt was found on Krakatau a few months after the event; 100 years later – although the island are virtually bereft of fauna except for snakes, insects, rats, bats and birds. It seems almost as though the vegetation was never disturbed. Krakatau basically blew itself to smithereens, but roughly where the 1883 eruption began. Anak Krakatau (Child of Krakatau) has been vigorously growing even since its first appearance 1927. it has a restless and un certain temperament, sending out shower of glowing rock and belching smoke and ashes but boats can land on the east side and it is possible to climright up the cinder cones to the caldera. It is a hard scramble up to the loose slopes to the outer rim with fine view s of the fuming caldera and the surrounding sea and island. We venture farther to the very lip crater but be careful. In 1993 Krakatau belched a load of molten rock on one unfortunate tourist who ventured too close.
Ujung Kulon National Park
The park's 120.551 hectares are divided into 76.214 ha of land and 44.337 ha of surrounding reef and sea. It can roughly be separated into three areas: the triangular shaped Ujung kulon Peninsula, the Gunung Honje Range to the east of the peninsula's isthmus and the island of Panaitan to the northwest. The highest points in the park are the 620 meters Gunung Honje, the Gunung Payung Range peaks of up to 500 meters and Panaitan Island 's Gunung Raksa at 320 meters. In the central section of the Peninsula is a large region of wilderness known as the Talanca Plateau which reaches 140 meters above sea level, however most consist of low rolling terrain seldom more than 50 meters above sea level.
The park surrounded by unusually warm water, seldom varying from between 29C to 30C. The coastlines of the park are molded by the sea around them, battered by Indian Ocean; the long sandy beaches of the south coast are backed by dunes, lagoons and forest broken by rocky outcrops a wild and wind swept shore line.The west coast's reef-lined shore has cliffs, promontories and towering sea-stacks along sand and boulder beaches overhung by forest, creating the most spectacular coastline in the park.On the north coast, the sheltered tropical straits lap upon beaches of white sands and coral banks with islands, estuaries, swamps and forest lined shores.Along each coastline is variety of seascape which in all their diversity, offer a wide range of absorbing shoreline experiences.
The even that led to formation of the land we as Ujung kulon began about 200 years ago when what is now the Indian Continent broke away from the super-continent Gondwanaland. It collided with the Asian continent creating huge ripples across the earth's crust forming the snow-clad Himalaya along with Sumatra's mountain range, Bukit Barisan. It believed that the Ujung kulon Peninsula and the Gunung Honje Range were at that time the southern end of Bukit Barisan Range as Java and Sumatra were connected by a land-bridge. Then 20.000 to 15.000 years ago, the bridge collapsed to eventually form the Sunda Strait about 9.500 years ago.
How ever, the period when the strait was formed is somewhat contradicted by an intriguing account in an early Javanese chronicle The Book of Kings. It states that in the year 416 AD the mountain Kapi (Krakatau) burst into peaces and sunk into deepest of the earth and the sea flooded the land from Gunung Gede near Bogor to mountain Raja Basa in Southern Sumatra. The chronicle concludes: After the waters subsided the mountain Kapi and surrounding land became sea and the island of Java was divided into two parts.
It is a curious fact that no sea straits between Sumatra and Java was known before 1.100's by the far ranging Chinese and Arabian traders and later European explores.Beneath the mountains and forest of Ujung kulon, carved by the thousands of centuries of rain, wind and sea, are foundation of the land - a young mountain system formed over the older strata of the Sunda Shelf. Geologically, the Ujung kulon Peninsula, Gunung Honje Range and Panaitan Island are part of this young tertiary mountain system while the central part of Ujungkulon is of older limestone formations which have been covered by alluvial deposits in the north and sandstone in the south. Much of underlying rocks and early soils of the park are covered by volcanic ash, in places up to 1 meter deep, a legacy from the Krakatau eruptions.
The mountain ranges were all formed by the same folding event in the Miocene period creating beneath the forest of the Gunung Honje Range an eastward tilting mountain block. A reminder of this activity is a geological fault line situated off the Tamanjaya coastline. It bisects the park beneath the isthmus as it passes through the Sunda straits connecting the volcanic islands of Krakatau to the major tectonic fault line to the south of Indonesia.
Krakatau Ujung Kulon Tour
Tour Code KRUJKTR0504
|Tour Type||Volcano and Wildlife Tour - Adventure|
|Difficulty||Easy - Moderate|
|Tour Character||Boat Trips by fastboat - Stay an overnight at Lodge|
|Duration||5 days 4 nights|
DAY 01: Jakarta transfer to Carita Beach
We pick you up at Jakarta airport or Jakarta city. We will meet you there, then for three- hour drive to West Banten Coast (Carita Beach) or you drive your own car. Check in at Sunset View Hotel or similiar. An overnight stay. Free program
DAY 02: Boat ride to Krakatoa then to Ujung Kulon (Peucang Island)
After you’ve had Breakfast. Tidy up the stuff and then Check out from Hotel. It is a short walk to Marina. We are ready to cruise the Sunda Strait to the legendary Krakatoa lies around 50 km from Carita Beach. Today only s small part of the original volcano remains, but when Krakatoa blew itself apart in 1883. in one of the greatest and the most catastrophic eruptions. The effects were recorded far beyond Sunda Strait. We then get onboard continue cruising to Peucang island.Check in at lodge. Before dark time we cross Peucang bay by boat to Cidaon grassing ground to see common wildlife animals such as; wild bull, wild pig, peacock. Dinner will be served. An overnight stay. Free program. ( B,L,D)
DAY 03: Explore the mainland of Ujung Kulon National Park
It is an early start today after breakfast. We’ll spend most of the day tracking to the South Coastline of Ujung Kulon Peninsula. The start point from Cibom where you’ll see the remains of a proposed naval port that was begun in 1808 by the Dutch and destroyed by giant tsunami of Krakatoa eruption, and then hike to Ciramea beach which at this beach is one of laying site for Turtle. After hiking a few hours we’ll see the light house that built up by Bantenese and Dutch colonial and in 1883 the light house swept by the tsunamis of Krakatoa. back to Peucang island. Lunch will be served. After lunch as an option, you can do snorkel nearby Peucang island. in the afternoon, we’ll go by boat crossing the Peucang bay to Cidaon grassing ground wildlife watching; Wild bull, wild pig, peacock,and others . Dinner will be served. An overnight stay.Free Program. ( B,L,D)
DAY 04: Explore Peucang island
After you’ve had breakfast. afterward ready to hike to Karang Copong ( North of Peucang island ) passes through primary forest. On the way, sometimes we could see common wildlife such as; wild pig peacock, hornbill and kind of birds. As well as you’ll see huge plants like Ficus or Liana. After an hour hiking we’ll take a rest Karang Copong. back to the lodge. Lunch will be served. In this afternoon, you’ll spend most of the day to explore underwater of nearby Peucang island. Dinner will be served. An overnight stay. Free program. ( B,L,D)
DAY 05: Boat ride to Handeuleum island – canoing at Cigenter river then boat ride to Carita Beach
It is an early start today, after you’ve had breakfast. We then tidy up the stuff and check out, then get onboard sail to cruise to Handeleum island situated among a group of small island just off the North Eastern Coast of the Ujung Kulon Peninsula) and we then get on the canoe. We’ll do canoeing along the Cigenter river (The habitat of Python, hornbill, type of monkey where Crocodile and Rhino are occasionally sight in this area) for two hours. Return to the boat. It is time to have lunch. Back to Carita Beach – Jakarta. ( B,L) Your next destination
- Please book min 1 week before departure
- Booking confirmation subject to the availability of accommodation
- Itinerary subject to change due to unforeseen condition.
- Bring trekking/sport shoes, repellent, towel, swimming wear,sun block, hat and camera
- All tour durations is flexible according to your schedule and budget. we can arrange airport transfer and hotel